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Space, the Final Frontier 2021 – or what’s that in the night sky?

Space, the Final Frontier 2021
– or what’s that in the night sky?

solar-system-planets
The Planets:
Mercury, Venus, Earth, (Moon), Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune (and Pluto)

Astronomy = the science of celestial objects, space, and the physical Universe.
And the study of the Universe beyond Earth’s atmosphere: the Sun, the Moon, galaxies, planets, stars, other objects that exist naturally in space, and other cosmic phenomena.
There are two main types of Astronomy: observational and theoretical.
Astronomy has been used to measure time, mark the seasons, and navigate the oceans.

Eclipses, meteor showers and other astronomical events in 2021:

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JANUARY 2021

Quandrantids Meteor Shower peaks on January 2 and 3 (only runs January 1-5)

Conjunction of Mercury and Saturn on January 9
Conjunction of Mercury and Saturn and Jupiter on January 10 and 11

New Moon on January 13 (not visible)

Full “Wolf” Moon on January 28 (aka the “Old” Moon, the “Ice” Moon, the “Moon after Yule”)

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FEBRUARY

Chinese Start of Spring is February 3

New Moon on February 11 (not visible)

Conjunction of Venus and Jupiter on February 11

Chinese Lunar New Year begins on February 12 – Year of the Yin White Metal Ox

February 18 is Pluto Day! Celebrate the discovery of the NINTH PLANET!
Clyde Tombaugh, an American astronomer, discovered Pluto on today’s date in 1930.
Pluto is named for the Roman G-d of the Underworld and has five known moons.
The International Astronomical Union (IAU) changed Pluto classification to a Dwarf Planet.
IAU claimed Pluto failed qualify as a full-sized planet. A full-sized planet must orbit Sol, the sun; have a sufficient mass to “assume hydrostatic equilibrium”, and “clear the neighborhood around its orbit.” Pluto has the first two, but not the third.
One day on Pluto is equal to 6.4 days on Earth. (6 days, 9 hrs, 36 mins)
Hundreds of dwarf planets exist, but the IAU only officially recognizes five:
Ceres, Pluto, Eris, Haumea, and Makemake.

Full “Snow” Moon on February 27 (aka the “Hunger” Moon)

MARCH

New Moon on March 13 (not visible)

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Vernal “Spring” Equinox in the Northern Hemisphere on March 20
The Sun shines directly on the equator, there is an equal amount of day and night

Full “Worm” Moon on March 28 (aka the “Crow” Moon, the “Crust” Moon, the “Sap” Moon, the “Lenten” Moon)

APRIL

New Moon on April 12 (not visible)

Lyrid Meteor Shower peaks on April 22, 23 and 24 (runs April 14-25)

Earth Day is April 22 – LOVE YOUR MOTHER EARTH!
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“A peaceful place, or so it looks from space,
a closer look reveals the human race.”

Our Earth is ~4.6 Billion Years Old in the Sol system and Milky Way Galaxy.
Earth (aka “the World” or “the Globe”) is the third planet from the Sun
and is the birthplace of humanity and the cradle of human civilization.
Earth is the fifth largest planet in our solar system.
Earth is the only known planet that has a single moon.
The moon is (an average distance of) 238,855 miles away from Earth.
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Earth Day = anniversary of the birth of the modern Environmental Movement in 1970.
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“We have not inherited the earth from our fathers,
we are borrowing it from our children.”
~ Native American saying

NOTE: CLIMATE CHANGE IS REAL!

Super Pink Moon on April 27 (aka the “Sprouting Grass” Moon, the “Growing” Moon, the “Egg” Moon, the “Fish” Moon)

MAY

Eta Aquarid Meteor Shower peaks on May 6 and 7 (runs from April 19 – May 28)

New Moon on May 11 (not visible)

International Astronomy Day is Saturday, May 15, 2021
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Super “Flower” Moon on May 26 (aka the “Corn Planting” Moon, the “Milk” Moon)
The Total Lunar Eclipse on May 26 will be visible in western North America and the Pacific Northwest, across the Pacific Ocean and in parts of eastern Asia, Japan, and Australia

JUNE

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New Moon on June 10 (not visible)

“Ring of Fire” Annular Solar Eclipse on June 10
(visible in the northeast US and parts of the Midwest)
eclipses
Annular Solar Eclipse = when the Moon is too far away to completely block out the Sun from Earth and a ring of light around the Moon is created,

Summer Solstice in the Northern Hemisphere on June 21
Winter Solstice in the Southern Hemisphere on June 21
Summer Solstice = the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere
when the North Pole is directly over the Tropic of Cancer.

Full “Strawberry” Moon on June 24 (aka the “Rose” Moon, the “Honey” Moon)

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JULY

New Moon on July 10 (not visible)

Close conjunction of Venus and Mars on July 12 and 13

Full “Thunder” Moon on July 24 (aka the “Buck” Moon, the “Hay” Moon)

Delta Aquarid Meteor Shower (runs July 12 to August 23)
and Alpha Capricornid Meteor Shower
both peak on July 28 and 29

AUGUST

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Saturn at Opposition on August 2
Saturn at Opposition
= when the planet Saturn is at its brightest
and closest point to Earth, fully illuminated by the Sun, and visible all night long.
Saturn’s Rings and some of Saturn’s Moons should also be visible.

New Moon on August 8 (not visible)

Perseid Meteor Shower will peak on August 12 and 13 (runs July 17 to August 24)

Conjunction of Mars and Mercury on August 18

Jupiter at Opposition on August 19
Jupiter at Opposition = when the planet Jupiter is at its brightest
and closest point to Earth, fully illuminated by the Sun, and visible all night long.
Some of Jupiter’s Moons and Cloud Bands should also be visible.

Blue “Sturgeon” Moon on August 22 (aka the “Green Corn” Moon, the “Grain” Moon)
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Usually there are only three Full Moons during each season of the year, so the fourth Full Moon is called a Blue Moon. A Blue Moon occurs once every 2.7 years.

“Blue Moon you saw me standing alone, 
Without a dream in my heart
Without a love of my own”

Aurigid Meteor Shower peaks on August 31

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SEPTEMBER

New Moon on September 7 (not visible)

Neptune at Opposition on September 14
Neptune at Opposition = when the planet Neptune is at its brightest
and closest point to Earth, fully illuminated by the Sun, and visible all night long.

Full “Harvest” Moon on September 20 (aka the “Corn” Moon)

Autumnal Equinox in the Northern Hemisphere on September 22
The Sun shines directly on the equator, there is an equal amount of day and night

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earth – Sol system, Milky Way galaxy

OCTOBER

New Moon on October 6 (not visible)

Draconids Meteor Shower peaks on October 7 and 8 (runs October 6 to 10)

Orionid Meteor Shower peaks on October 20, 21 and 22 (runs October 2 to November 7)

Full “Hunter’s” Moon on October 20 (aka the “Travel” Moon, the “Blood” Moon)
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NOVEMBER

New Moon on November 4 (not visible)

Taurids Meteor Shower peaks on November 4 and 5 (runs September 7 to December 10)

Uranus at Opposition on November 5
Uranus at Opposition = when the planet Uranus is at its brightest
and closest point to Earth, fully illuminated by the Sun, and visible all night long.

Leonid Meteor Shower peaks on November 16 and 17 (runs November 6 to 30)

Full “Beaver” Moon on November 19 (aka the “Frosty” Moon, the “Dark” Moon)
Partial Lunar Eclipse (97%) on November 19 (visible in the entire US)

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DECEMBER

New Moon on December 4 (not visible)
Total Solar Eclipse on December 4 (only visible from Antarctica, and the extreme south)
Total Solar Eclipse = when the Moon completely blocks out the Sun, revealing the Sun’s outer atmosphere known as the corona

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Geminid Meteor Shower peaks on December 13 and 14 (runs December 4 to 20)

Full “Cold” Moon on December 19 (aka the “Long Nights” Moon and the “Moon Before Yule”)

Winter Solstice in the Northern Hemisphere on December 21
Summer Solstice in the Southern Hemisphere on December 21
Winter Solstice = the shortest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere
when the South Pole is directly over the Tropic of Capricorn.

Ursid Meteor Shower peaks on December 21 and 22 (runs December 17 to 26)

JANUARY 2022 – January 1st is a Saturday

New Moon on January 2, 2022 (not visible)

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Giant steps are what you take – Walking on the moon
I hope my leg don’t break – Walking on the moon
We could walk forever – Walking on the moon
We could live together – Walking on, walking on the moon….
Feet they hardly touch the ground – Walking on the moon
My feet don’t hardly make no sound – Walking on, walking on the moon
– The Police “Walking On The Moon”

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Pluto with it’s moon Charon

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“Space, The Final Frontier” Meteor Showers 2017 Schedule & Guide
https://joshwilltravel.wordpress.com/2016/12/13/space-the-final-frontier-meteor-showers-2017-schedule-guide/

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Pluto

Your Moon Sign (the Zodiac):
Your Date Of Birth and the time and location of your birth, determine the location of the Moon and which zodiac sign the Moon was in when you were born.

signs

zodiac-glyphs

Your Sun Sign, (aka your Star Sign), is your Zodiac Sign:
where the Sun was positioned in space at the moment of your birth.
The 12 Zodiac Signs in order are:
Aries, Taurus, Gemini, Cancer, Leo, Virgo, Libra, Scorpio,
Sagittarius, Capricorn, Aquarius and Pisces.

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Lunar Eclipse:
Earth’s shadow blocks the Moon – Earth passes directly between the Sun and the Moon, and Earth’s shadow creates a lunar eclipse.

Solar Eclipse:
The Moon blocks the Sun – The Moon passes between the Sun and Earth, and the Moon’s shadow creates a solar eclipse.

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The New Moon = when the Sun and the Moon are in conjunction, and the Sun and Earth are on opposite sides of the Moon. The New Moon is not normally visible from Earth because only “The Dark Side of the Moon” faces Earth at the New Moon.

The Full Moon = when the Sun and the Moon are on opposite sides of Earth

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Full Moon on Friday December 25, 2015 at 3:11am PST

“Don’t you know that you are a shooting star
And all the world will love you just as long, as long as you are?”
~ Bad Company “Shooting Star”

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Is this the end of time and space?




“Space, The Final Frontier” Meteor Showers in 2017, a Schedule & Guide

“Space, The Final Frontier”
Meteor Showers 2017 Schedule & Guide
(ripped and edited, posted on December 13, 2016)

The Ursids meteor shower peaks on Thursday, December 22, and will produce about five to 10 meteors an hour. The meteor shower runs from December 17-25, 2016.

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The Phases of the Moon

2017 Meteor Shower Guide

January 3-4 Quadrantids meteor shower will produce 40 shooting stars an hour at its peak. Believed to be produced by dust grains left behind by an extinct comet known as 2003 EH1, runs annually from January 1-5. Best viewing times are shortly after midnight. Meteors radiate from the constellation Bootes, but visible from anywhere in the sky.

April 22-23 Lyrids meteor shower is produced by dust particles left behind by comet C/1861 G1 Thrasher. Discovered in 1861, the Lyrids is an average meteor shower producing about 20 meteors an hour. It originates from the constellation Lyra, but visible from anywhere in the sky. The crescent moon shouldn’t cause too much of a problem during the shower’s peak. The best viewing time for this shower is after midnight.

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May 6-7 Eta Aquarids meteor shower favors the Southern Hemisphere. About 60 shooting stars an hour will be visible there and the Northern Hemisphere could see 30 an hour. The shower runs from April 19-May 28, but peaks on the night of May 6 and morning of May 7. A waxing gibbous moon could block out the most distant meteors but you should still be able to see the brighter ones. Meteors in this shower radiate from the constellation Aquarius, but will be visible anywhere in the sky.

July 28-29 Delta Aquarids meteor shower: Radiating from the constellation Aquarius but visible anywhere from the sky, this meteor shower produces about 20 meteors an hour at its peak. It runs from July 12-August 13. A crescent moon will have set by midnight, leaving dark skies for the early morning show.

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Walkin’ On the Moon!

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August 12-13 Perseids meteor shower is produced by the comet Swift-Tuttle and it usually produces about 60 meteors per hour. The Perseids are known for producing a large number of blazing bright meteors. The shower runs from July 17-August 24, overlapping some with the Delta Aquarids. It is best seen late at night or in the early morning of the peak dates of August 12-13. There’s a waning gibbous moon that could block out the fainter meteors, but the Perseids are so bright that you should still plan on catching the show. The meteors radiate from the constellation Perseus, but will be visible anywhere in the sky.

October 7 Draconids meteor shower is produced by the dust grains left behind by comet 21P Giacobini-Zinner. Discovered in 1900, the Draconids radiate from the constellation Draco, but are visible anywhere in the sky. This show produces only about 10 meteors an hour unless “Draco the Dragon breathes fire” (in rare instances Draco can fire off hundreds of meteors in a single hour). The nearly full moon will block all but the brightest meteors, and unlike other meteor showers, the best viewing time is in the early evening. The Draconids shower runs from October 6-10 and peaks on October 7.

October 21-22 Orionids meteor shower runs annually from October 2-November 7 and peaks the nights of October 21 & 22. It produces about 20 meteors per hour at its peak. Produced by dust grains left behind from the ancient comet Halley and it originates from the constellation Orion, but visible anywhere in the sky. A crescent moon will set early in the evening, leaving dark skies ideal for viewing. The best time to watch is after midnight.

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Orion, the Hunter

November 4-5 Taurids meteor shower is long-running from September 7-December 10, and there are two parts: the South Taurids which peak November 4-5 and the North Taurids which peak November 11-12. The North Taurids originate from dust grains left behind by the Asteroid 2004 TG10. The South Taurids are the result of debris from Comet EP Encke. A full moon on November 4 will ruin the show and by November 11-12 viewing conditions will improve. These slow-moving meteors radiate from the constellation Taurus, but are visible anywhere in the sky.

November 17-18 Leonids meteor shower runs annually from November 6-30. It will only produce about 15 meteors an hour at its peak on the night of November 17 and morning of November 18, but every 33 years it has a cyclonic peak that results in hundreds of meteors an hour. The last time this happened was in 2001 so it won’t happen again until 2034. Produced by dust grains left behind by comet Tempel-Tuttle and discovered in 1865, the meteors radiate from the constellation Leo and are visible anywhere in the sky. There’s a new moon and skies should be dark enough for a good show. The best time to watch is after midnight.

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December 13-14 Geminids meteor shower will outshine the Perseids. Running annually from December 7-17, it peaks the night of December 13 and morning of December 14, when it could produce up to 120 multicolored meteors per hour! Produced by debris dust from the 3200 Phaethon asteroid, it was discovered in 1982. A waning crescent moon should allow for an excellent show. The best time to watch is after midnight. The shooting stars radiate from the constellation Gemini, but can appear anywhere in the sky.

December 21-22 Ursids meteor shower is produced by dust grains from the comet Tuttle. Discovered in 1790, this shower runs annually from December 17-25 and peaks on the night of December 21. It’s a minor shower producing about 5-10 shooting stars an hour. The crescent moon will set early leaving dark skies. The best time to watch is just after midnight. Meteors radiating from the constellation Ursa Minor are visible anywhere in the sky.

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“Space, The Final Frontier”

“Don’t you know that you are a shooting star
And all the world will love you just as long, as long as you are?”
~ Bad Company “Shooting Star”

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The Planets of the Sol System

The Planets:
Mercury, Venus, Earth, (Moon), Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune (and Pluto)

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The Planets of the Sol System

 

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UPDATED 12-26-16:
2017 FULL MOONS & OTHER CELESTIAL EVENTS

January 12 Full Moon (the “Wolf Moon”, “Old Moon” or “Moon After Yule”)

February 11 Full Moon (the “Snow Moon” or “Hunger Moon”)

March 12 Full Moon (the “Worm Moon”, “Crow Moon”, “Crust Moon” or “Sap Moon”)

March 20 Spring Equinox

April 11 Full Moon (the “Pink Moon”, “Growing Moon” or “Egg Moon”)

May 10 Full Moon (the “Flower Moon”, “Corn Planting Moon” or “Milk Moon”)

June 9 Full Moon (the “Strawberry Moon”, “Rose Moon” or “Honey Moon”)

June 21 Summer Solstice

July 9 Full Moon (the “Buck Moon”, “Thunder Moon” or “Hay Moon”)

August 7 Full Moon (the “Sturgeon Moon”, “Green Corn Moon” or “Grain Moon”)
Partial Lunar Eclipse (visible in east Africa, central Asia, the Indian Ocean & Australia)

August 21 Total Solar Eclipse First total solar eclipse of the 21st century for the United States, the first visible in the continental US since February 26, 1979 and there won’t be another until 2024! Total eclipse will be visible in parts of Oregon, Idaho, Wyoming, Nebraska, Missouri, Kentucky, Tennessee, North and South Carolina – rest of the US will see a partial eclipse

September 6 Full Moon (the “Corn Moon” or “Harvest Moon”)

September 22 Autumnal Equinox

October 5 Full Moon (the “Hunter’s Moon”, “Travel Moon” or “Blood Moon”)

November 4  Full Moon (the “Beaver Moon” or “Frosty Moon”)

November 13 Conjunction of Venus & Jupiter

December 3  Full Moon – Supermoon (the “Cold Moon”)

December 21 Winter Solstice